World War 2
Lesson Plan Description
World War II was a major turning point in world history. World War II is one of the many major events that should never be repeated.
Primary Learning Objective(s):
Knowledge of World War II and other global turning points in history advances ones’ understanding of how our contemporary society developed. This knowledge, of course, is the necessary foundation for effective thought and action by our students about the important political events and public issues of their lives.
Additional Learning Objective(s):
The purpose of this unit is to not only get students interested in World War II, but to also help them link the past to the present. It’s supposed to help the students to see that people need to be tolerant and excepting of everyone. With what they learn from this unit should help their ability to analyze and form opinions of their own about issues and events that are occurring in the world today.The purpose of this unit is to not only get students interested in World War II, but to also help them link the past to the present. It’s supposed to help the students to see that people need to be tolerant and excepting of everyone. What they learn from this unit should help their ability to analyze and form opinions of their own about issues and events that are occurring in the world today.
The students will…
- be able to state the political causes that led to the development of World War II.
- be able to define the pre war borders of he European nations.
- be able to list which countries were at war.
- be able to list the sequence of the nations that entered the war.
- be able to list which countries were part of the Axis.
- be able to list the countries that were part of the Allies.
The students will complete a concept map, timeline chart and blank atlas of the world as we learn the relevant subject matter in class over the course of 3 days. The following is the breakdown of the sequence of the specific subtopics we will review on the given days.
- Causes of European development of World War II
Aftermath of World War I effect on Germany’s borders.
Treaty of Versailles.
1933 election in Germany of Adolf Hitler as chancellor.
- Causes of Asian development of World War II
1937 invasion of China by Japan.
Soviet Union support of China.
1938 and 1939, Soviet Union and Japan engage each other in military violence which ends in cease-fire.
- European Occupation and Agreements
1938 Germany annexed Austria.
1938 Sudetenland area of Czechoslovakia conceded to Germany, other areas ceded to Hungary and Poland.
1939, invades remainder of Czechoslovakia.
France and Britain guarantee support of independent Poland.
1939 Italy conquers Albania.
France and Britain guarantee support of independent Romania and Greece.
Germany and Italy formalize their own alliance.
Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression pact
Commonly accepted Chronology of the War
1939 Germany invade western Poland.
France and the British Commonwealth declare war on Germany.
Soviet Union invades eastern Poland.
Soviet Union invades Finland.
1940 Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
Germany successfully invades the Netherlands, Belgium, and France only partially succeeding to conquer France.
Italy invades Malta.
Italy invades Somalia.
Italy invades British occupied Egypt.
Germany, Italy and Japan form the Axis.
Hungary, Slovakia and Romania join the Axis.
United States protect British civilian navel vessels and engage German navy in the Atlantic.
Italy invades, unsuccessfully, Greece.
1941 Germany, its Axis, and Finland invade the Soviet Union.
United Kingdom and Soviet Union sign treaty, invade Iran for strategic location and resources.
United Kingdom and United States sign navel agreement.
1939 Japan attacks China.
1940 Japan lays siege to Indo-China.
United States places partial embargo on Japan.
1941 Japan successfully captures Indo-China.
United States places complete embargo on Japan.
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
United States, United Kingdom, Australia, other western Allies and China declare war on Japan.
Germany and the Axis respond by declaring war on the United States.
United States, United Kingdom, China and twenty-two smaller or exiled governments reaffirmed the original agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom. The Soviet Union partially joined into the agreement.
Breakdown of the Allies
United States, United Kingdom, Soviet Union and China.
British Commonwealth: Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, and South Africa.
Smaller nations: Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.
Exiled governments: Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, and Yugoslavia
- Later nations to join the Allies
1942 Mexico, Philippine Commonwealth, and Ethiopia.
1943 Iraq, Brazil, Bolivia, Iran, and Colombia.
1944 Liberia and France.
1945 Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Paraguay, Venezuela, Uruguay, Turkey, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Syria.
Soviet Union support of China.
The Historical Atlas of World War II by Alexander Swanston & Malcolm Swanston and a concept map, timeline chart and blank atlas of the world
Using informal class discussion I will discuss the following questions to assess the level of comprehension and retention.
1. Can you list three countries that were at war before the United States intervened?
2. How would you classify the type of war that was fought? Was it a civil war? Police action? War of attrition?
3. How would you compare WWII to the current war the United States is waging in Iraq and Afghanistan?
4. What was Germany’s motive to invade Poland on 9/1/39? Was there any justification?
5. Is it OK to start a war? How would you justify a war unilaterally declared by one nation against another? Were those criteria met at the onset of WWII?
6. Can you describe the value of peace? Of tolerance? If you were the president of a nation, what choices would you make if your country was in a similar situation?